Upgrading of low-quality iron ores and mill scale with low carbon technologies

Research for novel technological approaches
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Funded by the
European Union

HORIZON-CL4-2022-TWIN-TRANSITION-01 program under grant
agreement No 101091960

Welcome to TransZeroWaste

Growing demand for high quality iron ores and scrap as well as abandonment of carbon intensive sintering in the future require novel technological approaches for upgrading of low-grade iron ores and recycling of mill scale.

Expected Impact

The development of these technologies will be supported by environmental (using life cycle assessment – LCA – methodology and circularity evaluation) and economic indicators (using life cycle costing – LCC – methodology) to identify the most suitable design options and ensure the improvement of sustainability performances compared to the current technologies.

The outcomes of the TransZeroWaste could contribute to the upgrade of 27 million t/a materials and to the avoided greenhouse gas emissions of sinter plants, corresponding to 4,3 to 9,9 Mt CO2/a.

Key Facts

TransZeroWaste in a glance.

100% circular economy

Internal reuse of iron containing residues during iron and steel production.

Upgrade of low grade iron ore

By combining it with iron-rich by-products.

Τransition towards zero waste

Development of the technological basis and digital tools supporting the transition towards zero waste in the European steel industry.

Research Partners


“Circular economy. It is based on three principles, driven by design: eliminate waste and pollution, circulate products and materials (at their highest value), and regenerate nature.”


Specialized Partners


European Countries


Scientists & Researchers

Latest News

3rd Consortium Meeting just started! Online: 9-10 November 2023

During the 3rd online Consortium Meeting the progress of TransZeroWaste project will be discussed. All partners are attending and will present their work packages’ progress.

TransZeroWaste project was presented by BFI at ESTEP 2nd Dissemination event

The European Steel Technology Platform (ESTEP) Spring Dissemination Event 2023 took place in-person on 29 & 30 March 2023 at the Aula Magna of Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (SSSA) in Pisa, Italy. TransZeroWaste project was presented by Gerald Stubbe (BFI) during the SESSION 2: Clean Steel Partnership Projects.